What is Cross-Sectional Data? The Lesser Known Facts

What is Cross-Sectional Data? The Lesser Known Fact

What is Cross-Sectional Data? The Lesser Known Facts

Cross-sectional data is taken somewhat like statistics and is collected by taking into consideration many subjects (like countries, regions, institutions, etc.) at a given point in time.

A comparative study is brought out among these subjects and a study is conducted. For example: If the heart patients in a particular region are too studied, data is collected for 1000 people in the area. Then this data is analyzed for the height, weight, blood pressure, etc. of these people.

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The resulting analysis would help identify the age heart problems affect people in, their eating habits, and their lifestyle. This would not give you the idea of when the heart attack would occur but inform you about the healthy lifestyle that can be followed. People are chosen randomly from that area (this is known as a cross-section). 

Another example of cross-sectional data can be a study of the various varieties of fast food available in McDonald’s and the customer’s response to them. The study can indicate what food is liked by customers and which one is disliked thus giving an idea to the company about how they could bring change in their business for its betterment. There are some paper writing services like study help me that can also provide you some information related to this.

Cross-sectional data does not give cause and effect of the particular topic of study. It just provides the characteristics in the study. This data can support further research and development on this topic.

So let us understand a few facts about the cross-sectional data:

  1. The variables used in the data do not change immediately and are thus not manipulative. For example, The age, height, and weight of a person do not change in a day or two.
  2. This data is collected at a single point in time. 
  3. Researchers take into consideration several factors while doing the research thus these factors can also be studied in the research.
  4. It considers the present trends and not the ones that have passed or will come in the future.
  5. Hence it can provide information about what is happening around in the present times. 

Advantages of cross-sectional study:

  • The research is cross-sectional data that can be done quickly without wasting much time as data has to be collected in a set area from among a decided number of people. Also, online surveys can serve the purpose of making the process even faster.
  •  The data collected for the cross-sectional study is gathered in an inexpensive manner using self-report surveys. So one does not have to worry about the expenditure.
  • Data collected takes into consideration multiple variables like age, sex, height, weight, and the like. For example: If you are studying heart issues you collect data for blood pressure patients, height, etc.
  • This data can be further used to facilitate studies and research into the field. For example: If I collect cross-sectional data for people who are obese, then I will have to take into consideration certain diseases that these people face, as well. Thus the data to study obesity would also provide me with data for the prevalence of diseases in such people and even the frequency of its occurrence. Not only this, the data can be used by several researchers and journal writers to warn people of the results of being obese.

Challenges to cross-sectional data collection:

  • People may sometimes tend to provide you misleading information which could affect the accuracy of the study. Thus the cross-sectional data may sometimes be false and made out.
  • Considering its collection from one geographical area, the cross-sectional data may vary in other areas among the same age groups. For example, collection of data for obesity provides different trends in elite houses where people walk less and sit more and different ones in villages where farmers work hard and do physical activities to earn a living.
  • Cross-sectional data does not provide for cause and effect thus limiting itself to just bringing out facts and figures. Multiple variables in this study do not do the needful.
  • No eye at the long-term changes and effects. Unlike longitudinal studies, the cross-sectional study gives observation only for a short time thus not taking into consideration long-term results. 

Cross-sectional data can help facilitate study in any and every field. Be it economics where trends in business patterns can be compared among different countries or psychology where reactions of different people to a particular stimulus are observed, cross-sectional data provide a comfortable medium of study.

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What is Cross-Sectional Data? The Lesser Known Facts

Its focus on the present trends helps the problem to be treated then and there, leaving no or less scope for further discrepancies.

So now if you have to focus on people facing disorders due to drug abuse, people in a certain age group being addicted to smoking and drinking, people with a set behavioral pattern towards certain things, or people with certain comorbidities, you can either draw a cross-sectional data yourself or refer to the one already compiled.

Hence cross-sectional data is used in the study of microeconomics, social sciences, in political research to figure out how to influence people in the area and create vote banks, in comparison of finances of various institutions, in the area of retail- to calculate trends of expenditure by males and females, in business, in medical and healthcare and the like.

Its various applications add up to its requirements in these fields. Not only this, for all you students who need psychology assignment help or accounting assignments, cross-sectional data can provide the best case studies and information on it.

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What is Cross-Sectional Data? The Lesser Known Facts

What is Cross-Sectional Data? The Lesser Known Facts

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