In today’s fast-paced, modern world, every industry- from retail to healthcare is adopting the latest technologies. And when it comes to technology, the automotive industry has always remained at the forefront. The introduction of Industry 4.0 has opened up new opportunities for manufacturers and major automotive OEMs have already embraced the IIoT applications at both production and consumer level. The major players in the auto sector were quick in exploring and implementing the central ideas of Industry 4.0. From vehicle tracking to in-vehicle infotainment systems, automotive manufacturers are making the best use of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT). Market research by GlobeNewswire has estimated that the automotive IoT market may reach $541.73 billion by 2025.
The IIoT applications are opening up new opportunities for automotive manufacturers. IoT, edge computing, and AI are revolutionizing the way drivers interact and use their vehicles. This smart technology has improved the design and production process that results in reducing cost, enable quality control, and better-performing cars. In this post, we will closely look at the major IoT applications that are transforming the automotive industry. But before that, let’s find out more about IoT.
Understanding the Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to connecting billions of physical devices to the internet. These IoT-enabled devices collect and share data that makes tasks easier, even without human intervention. Industrial IoT is a part of a wider concept of IoT. The industrial internet of things (IIoT), also known as Industry 4.0 refers to connecting devices and machines to enhance production and industrial processes. Both IoT and IIoT share some similar technologies such as cloud platforms, sensors, connectivity, machine-to-machine communications, and data analytics. However, the use of these technologies for consumer IoT differs significantly from industrial IoT applications that are used to streamline business operations.
Applications of IIoT in the Automobile Industry
The automobile industry is one of the biggest manufacturing industries globally. The demand for cars never declines due to which the automotive industry keeps looking for new ways to improve their production processes. Also as homes, hospitals, offices, and cities are becoming smart, people are also demanding smart cars with which they can connect and interact. This has motivated automotive manufacturers to build next-generation vehicles by using innovative IoT technology. Industrial IoT is helping auto companies improve their processes, services, and products. The top manufacturers have already introduced innovative and smart solutions, like connected cars, navigation & telematics, Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS), in-vehicle infotainment systems, predictive maintenance, Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) applications, and more. Here are some top IIoT automotive applications.
1. In-vehicle Infotainment and Telematics:
Smart cars have smart infotainment systems with Wi-Fi capabilities. This feature allows car owners to connect a music system and GPS in a car with their smartphone. The in-built and third-party applications provide a wide range of features such as car navigation, telematics, and entertainment. It means that with IoT, your car can be accessible on your smartphone. The connected cars also have Wi-Fi capabilities that have telematics features to allow the transmission of computerized data. This feature allows car owners and fleet managers to keep an eye on their vehicles from remote locations. The sensors and cameras collect data about the vehicle’s condition and movement and that information can be accessed via a mobile application. Besides remote monitoring, telematics can even allow remote control such as speed limit control or sound alerts if an unauthorized person tries to forcefully enter the vehicle. Smart cars can even send a notification to third parties like an ambulance or first responders in case of an emergency.
2. Fleet Management
A great application of IoT is connecting trucks to enable weight measurement, location tracking, and more. IoT implementation allows businesses to collect data from a large fleet of trucks that helps in optimizing the maintenance and logistics, as well as monitor driver performance. The gathered data is processed for analysis that allows a fleet operator to monitor different parameters of the fleet such as real-time location monitoring of the fleet, truck mileage, weight of the cargo, traffic condition, and more. The IoT sensors embedded in vehicles can share data over various networks. It can also provide warning alerts for preventive maintenance. IoT in fleet management allows vehicle tracking, fuel monitoring, and several other applications that streamline the process and ensure customer satisfaction through on-time deliveries.
3. Connected Cars
When it comes to implementing IoT in Automotives, connected cars are the most popular application. Connected cars mean using IoT to connect vehicles over a network called CV2X (cellular vehicle to everything). The CV2X is sub-divided into four categories on the basis of the car’s connection with different objects- Vehicle to vehicle (V2V), Vehicle to infrastructure (V2I), Vehicle to a network (V2N), and Vehicle to pedestrians (V2P). The applications like V2V, V2I, and V2P helps in preventing collisions, provides safety alerts to pedestrians and cyclists, as well as notify traffic signal timings. The vehicle-to-network (V2N) communication, on the other hand, allows Intelligent Transport System and weather forecast department to connect with the vehicles. This enables real-time traffic reporting, notifications about weather changes, or alerts about an accident on the road.
In addition to this, IoT also enables predictive maintenance to prevent sudden vehicle breakdown. Manufacturers are embedding sensors in different components of a car to collect data that can be shared to analyze the performance or potential failure of the components. Sensors collect data such as temperature, speed, electrical system, and more that help drivers take necessary steps to avoid unexpected car breakdown.