How to Help Students with ADHD Learn Better
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, commonly known as ADHD, is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders. It usually affects children but is found in adults as well. It impacts the behavior in certain ways, like how long one can pay attention, stay in the same place, focus on a task, or tolerate frustration.
Students having this disorder have a hard time learning and studying. They can annoy their teachers and supervisors easily. For this, accommodations to enhance their learning ability are necessary that can be used by teachers and parents for better outcomes.
Employ Skillful Teaching and Tools
The parents should read books about ADHD, discuss the child’s condition with qualified therapists, connect with parents who have similar issues, and always support and motivate their children. Enroll your children, regardless of their age, in the best institution you can afford. Increase the use of technology to attract more attention, but try supervising while using it.
The teachers need to use professional skills while being empathetic when dealing with ADHD students. You can use the active reading strategy here; mark the important part of the lesson and ask students to highlight its main idea first. Slow down while teaching and make flexible rules for them. If an ADHD student likes standing instead of sitting in his chair, let him do so at the back or on one side, so others are not disturbed. Remember, you should have a good experience of dealing with such students. Proper qualifications like a master’s degree in educational psychology can help you gain technical skills and knowledge to perform well in this field.
Determine the Interests
Activating the interest is the primary thing in improving students’ learning process with ADHD. Everyone, including ADHD students, is curious about something new. Suppose you are a teacher or a parent. In that case, you need to identify such things that can easily attract their attention and make them focus on the lesson for a longer time.
You can also align their learning process with their passions. For example, if the student loves a fictional character, frequently use its name when solving a math problem or learning grammar. Giving students a choice is best for making them attentive. Tell them to choose their favorite book, movie, or game. Base the learning on it, encouraging them to participate more.
Make a Schedule
Many people are suffering from ADHD use medications and behavioral therapies to minimize the symptoms. In the USA, 62% of kids are taking medication for ADHD. These exhaust the students most, making learning very difficult. However, a good timetable can help students remember the due dates, take lessons on time, and timely complete the tasks. Essentially, identify a prime study time when the student is most attentive and make a timetable for him. Allocate time for every lesson and subject and ensure attendance too. When assigning the tasks, give them deadlines for different parts of a task. It helps in necessary adrenaline production, causing a sense of urgency and effective time management.
Teachers can consult the parents about the medication and therapy time and schedule the classes accordingly. For instance, if the student takes his medicine at 8 in the morning, ensure all his important lessons are within 6-8 hours. So the medicinal effect does not wear off, causing symptoms to trigger.
Limit the Distractions
Anything can divert the attention of people with ADHD. Their preference for doing a thing changes quickly because they usually leave things unfinished. They are distracted by activities, people, or things present within sight. There should be no distractions for kids to study more effectively. Only essential things and people can be present in the learning area. At the same time, all internal and external stimuli must be removed.
If there are extra gadgets, toys, open doors, or windows, the student will always find things that will engage him away from the lesson. You can mentally keep him in the classroom by seating him in the front row, asking direct questions, and ensuring no noises are coming from anywhere. If they like, play soft background music as it helps focus.
Give Break to Brain and Body
Putting unnecessary pressure on students to get the results you want is futile. Most teachers and parents believe that giving breaks between lessons is pointless and causes distraction. That might be a correct assumption for some, but very wrong in the case of ADHD students. They struggle with staying in one place and want to go around and do something else. Give them short breaks, such as snack time, a quick chat with the partner, using the restroom, or running a short errand.
Use Rewards for Motivations
The reward system can motivate everyone to behave well. You can also use it to help your child with ADHD learn better by identifying what he needs and likes most. Rewards can be of any type. If you are a teacher, you can tell them that they will get chocolate or more time to chat with friends if they do the assigned task. The parent can incentivize more screentime, ice-creams before bedtime, going to parks, or getting a pet.
Students having ADHD are neither less intelligent nor inept than other people. Their only problem is that they are easily distracted and cannot focus. With proper support and guidance, the parents and teachers can help them improve their learning process. You can use our recommendations to develop a plan for dealing with the learning issues of ADHD students and achieving the best things in their education.
How to Help Students with ADHD Learn Better