Everything You Need To Know About Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, beta cells produce little no insulin. Sina insulin sufferers, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream in driving to enranging into cells. This accumulation of blood glucose is determined as hyperglycemia. The body is unable to use glucose to obtain energy.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 187,000 children and adolescents had been diagnosed with type I diabetes. Specifically, this is 25 per 1,000 young people. You may be searching for type 1 diabetes info to ensure that your child has the best chances to grow up healthy, and this is the right place to search for answers. Type I diabetes will be a disease your child has for the rest of their life, but you can help them manage it by seeking type 1 diabetes info now.
What Is Type I Diabetes?
You may have heard of “insulin-dependent” or “juvenile” diabetes. Type I diabetes is commonly known by these names. It is a condition that doesn’t allow your body to produce its own insulin. It is essential that the body produces insulin because it is needed to convert the foods your child eats into sugar. Then, insulin helps the body use this sugar. When your child’s body doesn’t properly use insulin, his or her blood sugar level increases, and this causes symptoms. For example, your child may be very thirsty or need to urinate more than usual.
What Other Problems Are Associated with Type I Diabetes?
Type I diabetes causes many other issues as well. Diabetes leads to several medical conditions, including gum disease, heart disease, hypertension, nerve damage, kidney failure and stroke. Your child is more likely to experience these conditions than other people.
Type I diabetes also prevents your child’s blood from effectively circulating throughout his or her body. When this occurs in the legs and feet, there is the danger that your child’s legs will need to be amputated. If you were to ignore this disease, your child could possibly go into a coma, but treatment for your child’s disease can prevent these unhappy circumstances from occurring.
What Else Should You Know about Type I Diabetes?
In the beginning, the symptoms may be very subtle, but over time, they can become much worse. For example, as your child’s glucose levels remain high, the body compensates for this by releasing glucose through your child’s kidneys. The body will not be able to use this glucose as energy, so your child may begin to feel tired. Your child may even begin to experience diabetic ketoacidosis, which is a medical emergency.
Caring for your child requires that you and your child’s doctor work together to fight this disease. Treating diabetes means that you need to be prepared to follow up with your child’s physician at least four times a year. Several other people will be available to help you, including your child’s doctor, nurses, dietitians, psychologists, social workers and diabetes educators. The people around your child can also help you manage this disease, including friends, family members and teachers.
Tandem Diabetes Care is an option that provides products that help people address type I diabetes, and it can be another very important support system for you and your child.
Everything You Need To Know About Type 1 Diabetes
If your child has been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you have questions. Below you will find the fundamental aspects of this disease.
What is type 1 diabetes?
People with type 1 diabetes cannot use glucose (the body’s primary type of sugar) for energy. It is because the body has stopped producing a hormone called ” insulin. ” Normally, after eating, the amount of glucose in the blood (blood sugar) rises. When this happens, the pancreas sends insulin into the blood. Insulin works like a key that opens the doors of the body’s cells to allow glucose entry, which gives the cells the necessary energy.
In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin. Without insulin, glucose cannot enter cells. It remains in the blood, which causes the blood sugar level to be high. Too much sugar in the blood is unhealthy and can cause problems. Some problems occur quickly, and immediate treatment is necessary, while others develop over time and appear later in life.
What happens in type 1 diabetes?
In type 1 diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Then the body can no longer produce insulin.
It is different from type 2 diabetes, in which the body continues to make insulin, but it doesn’t work the way it should.
Why do some people have type 1 diabetes?
No one knows for sure why some people get type 1 diabetes. Doctors and scientists believe that a person’s genes make them more likely to develop the disease. But, indeed, having diabetes genes is not enough. Something else probably has to happen. Scientists are studying whether other factors (such as some viral infections, a person’s birth weight, or diet) can make a person who already has the genes for type 1 diabetes more likely to develop it.
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented and can occur in people of any age.
What are the signs and symptoms of type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes can appear over time or suddenly. In some cases, children have no symptoms of diabetes, and the condition is discovered by doing blood or urine tests for other reasons. If a child has symptoms, they may:
- need to urinate a lot
- start wetting the bed after you have learned not to
- be thirstier and drink more fluids than usual
- be tired very often
- lose weight
How is type 1 diabetes diagnosed?
Doctors use a blood test to measure the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood. If the sugar level is high, it shows that the child has diabetes. Afterward, the doctor will do more blood tests to determine the type of diabetes.
Children with type 1 diabetes often see a pediatric endocrinologist. This doctor detects and treats problems that affect hormones, such as diabetes.
How is type 1 diabetes treated?
Type 1 diabetes requires lifelong treatment because there is no cure yet. To treat type 1 diabetes, doctors use a diabetes care plan. This plan tells you and your child what to do each day to help keep blood sugar in a healthy range.
The diabetes care plan is personalized for each child. But all programs have 4 essential elements:
- receiving insulin (with an injection or an insulin pump)
- eat a balanced and healthy diet, including counting carbohydrates
- measure blood sugar level at least four times a day
- get regular physical activity
Following the diabetes care plan helps kids stay healthy now and in the future.
What problems can occur in type 1 diabetes?
If the blood sugar level is not adequate, the child may present the following:
- Hyperglycemia – this occurs when the blood sugar level is too high. Children with hyperglycemia may be extremely thirsty, urinate more than usual, and lose weight. High blood sugar can be treated. Without treatment, children can develop health problems when they are older.
- Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA): This severe condition must be treated immediately. When you don’t have enough insulin to allow glucose to enter your cells, your body begins to break down fat instead of sugar. Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, rapid breathing, and, in severe cases, loss of consciousness.
- Hypoglycemia – occurs when blood sugar is too low and can sometimes occur when treating people with diabetes. Symptoms include the following: headache, weakness, tremor, anxiety, and sweating.
- Growth and development problems: Some children may grow more slowly than their peers or start puberty (when children begin to become adults) later than usual.
How can parents help?
It is the best time to help your child incorporate healthy habits into their lives. Here’s how:
- Get involved in daily care. Help your child put the care plan into practice every day. At first, they have a lot to learn: from counting carbohydrates to calculating insulin doses and giving injections. Share responsibilities with your child. Over time, the child will be able to take on more responsibilities. Talk to your child’s care team if she has questions about the care plan or daily care.
- Learn as much as you can about diabetes. The more you know about type 1 diabetes, the more confident you’ll be in helping your child manage it every day. And a deep understanding of diabetes will allow you to take action on your child’s behalf. You can share your knowledge with essential people in your child’s life, like grandparents, teachers, coaches, and caregivers. Doing so will create a supportive community for your child.
- Encourage your child. Adjusting to the new responsibilities that type 1 diabetes brings can take a while. Please remind your child that many children his age have type 1 diabetes and follow a similar care plan. If your child is concerned that she thinks you are unsure how to handle the illness, ask the care team. They will contact you and point you to the right resources.
Having a child with type 1 diabetes can seem overwhelming at times, but you’re not alone. If you have any questions or problems, reach out to your child’s diabetes care team; they will be able to help you with all kinds of issues and guide your family along this path.